Jonni Bidwell is on a brave quest to banish binary blobs from his legendary Eee PC. Will this distro prove helpful, or become more of a hindrance? Read our Trisquel 9.0 Etiona Review.
A distro for those who take software freedom seriously. Featuring the blobless Linux- libre kernel and only FSF- approved applications. See also: Debian, Fedora, Parabola, Hyperbola.
The world is full of people shouting and clamouring for the latest thing (and the last review pages because we go to press today – Ed). So it’s always reassuring to discover places where things still move slowly.
Nowhere is this more true than Trisquel, the freedom (as in speechdom) -loving, Ubuntubased distro endorsed by the Free Software Foundation. Trisquel used to push out one release a year (based on the corresponding Ubuntu LTS release), but it’s been over 18 months since the previous release. And that one took over three years to come into fruition. This new release is based on Ubuntu 18.04, the second-to-last LTS release, which is supported until 2023.
Trisquel replaces Ubuntu’s kernel with Linux-libre, which has had all the proprietary firmware blobs (and any drivers that reference them) removed. Further up the stack, things have been purified, too. Trisquel uses its own repos. As such, it’s one of only a handful of distros (including Hyperbola and Parabola, neither of which have aught to do with geometry) to be approved by the Free Software Foundation.
Choice of images
With this release Trisquel moves from Xfce to the MATE desktop, so if you long for those Gnome 2 vibes then this might be for you. ISOs are getting bigger and Trisquel’s weighs in at a 2.6GB. A 1.2GB mini-image is available that runs LXDE – ideal for older machines. There’s also Triskel, a KDE spin, and Trisquel Sugar Toast which is an educational release. Oh and there’s a tiny Net Install image too if you want to build a minimal but freedom-loving OS from the ground up.
One benefit of being based on the older Ubuntu release is that 32-bit editions are available, a rare thing these days. Don’t get too comfortable, though: when Trisquel 10 (which will be based on Ubuntu 20.10) is released, there’ll be no upgrade path for 32-bit users.
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Installation was smooth and offered the encrypted install as well as LVM options. A smattering of freedomrespect applications are installed. Abrowser (the unimaginatively titled Firefox spin) is the default browser. There’s the Electrum Bitcoin wallet so you can manage your cryptocurrency nest egg. And if you want to do social media in a way the FSF approve of, there’s a client for the Jami decentralised social network. It’s hard to find a good RSS feed reader application these days so
we were pleased to find the venerable Liferea included too. Plus there’s the Seahorse utility for managing passwords and keys.
Overall it’s a slim package selection, which probably suits the target audience. The Snap daemon isn’t included and neither is Ubuntu’s software centre (it’s a gateway to proprietary software). Graphical package management is available via the old school but still quite cool Synaptic. Trisquel has an avid user community, and you’ll find help if you need it on the forum. Documentation is a little sparse, but there’s a hardware wiki and well thought-out (but sometimes incomplete) guides for common tasks. More often than not, the Ubuntu documentation will cover most things that you might find yourself looking up.
If you don’t have strong views on free software, and would rather have working Wi-Fi and other modern conveniences, then there’s little reason to check out Trisquel. But if you do, and you’re looking for something to install on your Libreboot-running, deblobbed Thinkpad daubed in FSF stickers, then this will surely float your boat.
DEVELOPER: Trisquel team
This is a no-nonsense distro that is considerably free-er than most free software.